Here is a collection of some of our favourite academic articles and web resources on gender equality in healthcare.
If you have a suggestion for a new resource to add please contact us!
#BE ethical whitepaper
Lead by Dr Julie K. Silver MD, the Be Ethical Campaign is a call to action for healthcare leaders to recognize that workforce gender equity is an ethical imperative and to take action to bring about change. This paper articulates comprehensive, system-wide, scientifically driven measures to end gender disparities in healthcare.
the NASEM report
This landmark report was released in 2018 by a committee of the US-based National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, following a detailed and comprehensive review process. The report outlines the current state of affairs with respect to sexual and gender-based harassment in these academic fields, the impact of harassment, as well as issuing 15 recommendations for reducing and preventing sexual harassment. At 292 pages, the report is a somewhat daunting document, however it helpfully begins with a summary providing an accessible outline of the findings and recommendations.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture, and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
gender equality - why does it matter?
This comprehensive and accessible review article published in Lancet explores global evidence for why gender equality in healthcare matters, and how improvements in gender equality can lead to health, social, and economic gains.
Shannon G, Jansen M, Williams K. Gender equality in science, medicine, and global health: where are we at and why does it matter? Lancet 2019; 393: 560–69.
Women’s pain is under-treated
A prospective cohort study of nearly 1000 ED patients, which demonstrated that women receive less pain relief, fewer opiates, and have delayed administration of pain relief compared to men with equivalent pain scores.
Chen EH et al. Gender disparity in analgesic treatment of emergency department patients with acute abdominal pain. Acad Emerg Med. 2008 May;15(5):414-8.
Women have less treatment for STEMI and worse outcomes
This Australian registry study reviewed nearly 3000 patients with STEMI. Women were less likely to receive invasive reperfusion therapy and had higher mortality and 6 month MACE rates compared to men.
Khan E et al. Differences in management and outcomes for men and women with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Med J Aust 2018; 209 (3): 118-123.
The impact of women’s professional networks
This qualitative study examined the impact of women’s professional networks in academic emergency medicine. It found that women’s networks contribute positively to career advancement and retention, and are an important step towards gender equality in emergency medicine.
Lin M et al. Impact of a Women-Focused Professional Organization on Academic Retention and Advancement: Perceptions From a Qualitative Study. Acad Emergency Med 2019 Mar;26(3):303-316.
the impact of quotas
This dramatically-named paper comes from the political literature and follows the impact of a gender quota being introduced in Swedish party politics. The study found that women who were employed under the new quota scheme out-performed the ‘mediocre’ male incumbents they replaced, in contrast to the fear that quotas would reduce the quality of the team’s performance.
Besley T, Folke O, Persson T, Rincke J. Gender Quotas and the Crisis of the Mediocre Man: Theory and Evidence from Sweden. American Economic Review 2017, 107(8): 2204-2242